Friday, October 4, 2013

Picture Day Friday: Western Deffufa in Kerma from Ancient Nubia

This is the Western Deffufa in the town of Kerma from the ancient Nubian world of modern-day Sudan.

Kerma was settled around 2400 BCE. It was a walled city containing religious buildings, large circular dwellings, a palace, a funerary temple, and well-planned roads.

The deffufa is a structure unique to Nubian architecture. The Western Deffufa is a 164 ft by 82 ft mud brick temple surrounded by a boundary wall. It is 59 ft tall and comprises three stories with chambers inside connected by passageways. Religious ceremonies were performed on top of the temple.

Image copyrighted by Wikimedia Commons